A: It's estimated that 107-290 million metric tons of plastic have entered the ocean between 1950-2015, and this number is increasing exponentially. Most of this plastic is buoyant and will eventually end up in one of the ocean's garbage patches.
Q: How has the concept changed over time?
A: We've learned a lot and made a bunch of changes to our technology, which we think will make it more effective at cleaning up plastic pollution in the ocean.
Q: How much plastic can you remove from the ocean?
A: We want to clean up 90% of floating ocean plastic by 2040. To do this, we need to clean up rivers and intercept plastic before it reaches the ocean.
Q: How will you extract the plastic from the ocean?
A: With System 002, we developed a new extraction method that allows us to roll the retention zone onto the deck of the extraction vessel, emptying the extracted plastic onto the deck.
Q: Why don’t you use the plastic for fuel on the vessels?
A: Our primary focus is on recycling the collected plastic, but we are also exploring alternatives for the fractions of the waste that cannot be mechanically recycled. Turning waste into fuel for the vessels required for our ocean system operations could be a promising option for this reject fraction, but there are many technical and logistical challenges that we would have to investigate prior to implementation.
Q: Why is the plastic you catch in the ocean so clean?
A: The plastic in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is not as clean as it may appear in the catch videos, which generally show the whole catch in one overview rather than zooming in on specific pieces. Biofouling is present on the plastic, especially in cracks and inside. Biofouling is usually more common on parts submerged in the water. The parts that remain at the surface are exposed to more UV radiation and are typically free from biofouling.
Q: How much does it cost?
A: It depends on several factors including desired service, facility size, existing contamination level, desired contamination level, equipment density, and cleaning frequency.
Q: How far in advance should I plan?
A: It depends on the scope of the cleanup. A divisional office cleanup day will take less time to plan than a lab cleanup day. Refer to The Division Cleanup Planning Guide for more information.
WHAT ARE THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF PLASTIC POLLUTION IN THE
Q: What are the long-term effects of plastic pollution in the ocean?
A: A piece of plastic from anywhere in the world can end up in the ocean or a river, and our cleanup technology can help remove it.
Q: What are the long-term effects of plastic pollution in the oceans?
A: 1. Plastic pollution is a long-term problem with ecological, economic and eco-toxicological effects.
2. Solutions to plastic pollution require a reduction in the use of plastic, as well as improved waste management and recycling infrastructure.
3. There is no one "perfect" solution to plastic pollution, and a variety of approaches will be necessary to reduce its impact on the environment.
Q: What types of plastic do you find in the middle of the ocean vs closer to shore?
A: HDPE plastics are the most common type of plastic found in the ocean, and include items such as bottles and containers. LDPE and PP plastics are also found, but in smaller amounts. These plastics float and can persist in the ocean for long periods of time.
Q: Why do you transport the plastic to land instead of processing it at sea?
A: Our team has determined that processing plastic on land is more practical than recycling it at sea. Our first catch was made with recycled ghost nets from Mission One, which were turned into sunglasses. We are currently out of stock of these sunglasses, but we are partnering with companies that will be using our ocean-certified plastic in their product lines.
Q: What are some common materials that take a long time to degrade?
A: You can help reduce the amount of waste in landfills by using cloth diapers, bringing your own thermos, recycling, and making other simple substitutions.
OCEAN CLEANUP SYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.
Q: How will the systems withstand severe storms?
A: We will monitor the loads on our system and adapt the speed and span to lower the loads in the case of rough seas. We will also monitor weather forecasts and plan a trajectory to avoid storms, and by understanding the patch climate, we can plan to operate in less critical locations. In the case of a particularly severe storm, the system can be temporarily withdrawn from the operation.
Q: What are you doing to offset your fuel emissions for your offshore activity?
A: The Ocean Cleanup is working to limit and offset its emissions from System 002 in order to reduce its impact on the environment.
Q: What impact will your cleanup technology have on floating organisms (neuston) in the ocean?
A: We don't really know how our technology will impact floating organisms (neuston), but we're doing research to try to find out.
Q: What are the nicknames of your ocean cleanup systems?
A: System 001 was nicknamed Wilson in reference to the volleyball that is Tom Hanks’ friend in the film Cast Away, while he is stranded on a small island in the South Pacific.
Q: How are you financing the cleanup?
A: You can support The Ocean Cleanup by making a donation on our website, or by favouriting us in PayPal. If you are a company interested in sponsoring or donating to The Ocean Cleanup, please contact us through our contact form.
Q: What permits are needed for shorefront, beachfront or wetland cleanup?
A: If you’re cleaning up your yard after a storm, you’ll need a permit to dump storm debris in a wetland.
INTERCEPTING POLLUTION AND HANDLING EMERGENCIES.
Q: What is an Interceptor™?
A: We need to remove legacy waste and prevent plastic from entering the ocean by intercepting it at rivers, which are the primary source of ocean plastic.
Q: Who operates the Interceptor™?
A: We will submit an RFP for the deployment of our solution in each city, which will include a review of our technology by local experts, a feasibility study of the local environment, and a business plan for the long-term success of the project.
Q: How can I buy an Interceptor™?
A: If you want to help clean up local waterways, or if you're a company or local government interested in funding this technology, please contact us! We'd love to hear from you.
Q: Who do I call to report an emergency?
A: Don’t swim in the water. Contact the state if there is a spill.
Q: What should I do if the power is out?
A: If your power goes out, use alternative power/heating sources safely to avoid deadly accidents, including carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning.
Q: What can I do if my home is flooded?
A: Be wary of flood water, which can cause serious health and structural problems. Limit your contact with it, pump out flooded basements gradually, dry out the building, and discard soaked items that can't be cleaned and dried. Service damaged septic systems as soon as possible.
IMPACT AND SPECIFICATIONS.
Q: How do your work and research impact local and international communities?
A: The Ocean Cleanup is working to reduce plastic pollution by partnering with governments and private organizations to improve waste management practices.
Q: How do you make sure the system does not break?
A: System 002 was designed to be simpler and more flexible than System 001, with the goal of minimizing the possibility of breakage. The system will be monitored for loads and weather conditions, and adjustments will be made as necessary to avoid damage.
Q: How does the Interceptor™ Original work?
A: The Interceptor Original is a device that is placed in a river in order to collect plastic debris that is floating in the water. The device uses a barrier and conveyor belt system to concentrate and extract the plastic, which is then transferred to a waste management facility.
Q: What are the technical specs and the size of the Interceptor™ Original?
A: The Interceptor is a large, autonomous, off-grid-powered, remote-monitored, automated, 4G data-uplinked pontoon with a waste collection barge that can hold 50 metric tons of waste.
Q: How much waste can the Interceptor Original extract?
A: The Interceptor Original has a capacity of 50 m3 and can be emptied by local operators. Each river is unique, and our measures may need to be adapted to fit a specific river.
TRANSITION TO ACTIVE APPROACH FOR OCEAN CLEANING.
Q: Why are you moving from a passive to an active approach to clean the oceans from plastic?
A: We have pivoted from our initial vision of a fully automated solution to a hybrid solution that is more efficient and scalable.
The new solution
The first step was to define the requirements for the new solution.
We decided to divide the solution into two parts:
A set of scripts that will be run on a schedule to clean up resources.
A web-based dashboard that will be used by our customers to request cleanup of resources that are not cleaned up by
Q: Why not prevent plastic from reaching rivers in the first place?
A: Prevention is a necessary part of the solution to the plastic pollution problem, but it is only one part of the solution. Technology is another part of the solution that can yield faster results.
Q: Why was the river project kept a secret at first?
A: We kept the project under wraps during development to avoid raising false expectations, but we did touch on it briefly in our annual report.
Q: Who determines if Institutional Controls (ICs) are in place?
A: Each site is different, so it depends on the specific circumstances at each one. You'll need to contact your EPA Regional representative for more information.
Q: Where do I put additional EPA funds spent at the property that are not from the EPA Brownfields Program?
A: Additional EPA funding should be entered under the "Other Federal" option in ACRES. Enter the funding amount and the name of the funding source (i.e., EPA Environmental Education Grant, EPA Environmental Justice Grant, etc.).
RIVERS AND OCEAN PLASTIC WASTE?.
Q: Why did you start with developing technologies for rivers?
A: We can’t clean up the oceans if we don’t stop the plastic from coming in.
How do we do this?
To prevent plastic from entering the oceans, we need to go upstream. We need to address the root cause of the problem: the production of plastic.
When we started The Ocean Cleanup, we knew that we could not just focus on the cleanup of the oceans, but we also had to tackle the problem at its source.
Q: How will you be able to tackle 1000 rivers?
A: We want to clean up the 1000 most polluted rivers using our Interceptor Solutions toolkit. We need everyone's help to make this happen!
Q: What will you do with the plastic once it’s extracted from the oceans?
A: The Ocean Cleanup wants to recycle the plastic it collects from the ocean into new products. Its first product made from ocean plastic is a pair of sunglasses, but they are currently out of stock.
Q: What will you do with the extracted waste from rivers?
A: The Ocean Cleanup aims to help tackle the 1000 most polluting rivers, but cannot manage the local waste handling themselves. They implement solutions, in collaboration with partners and governments, according to the current and future waste management capacities of each deployment location. Meanwhile, they continue to investigate solutions to properly treat and dispose of the collected plastic waste in accordance with their internal waste management policy that are affordable, and compliant with local regulations and environmental and social standards.
Q: How do you know which rivers are the top polluted ones?
A: The top 10 rivers that contribute the most plastic to the world’s oceans are:
1. The Yangtze River in China
2. The Indus River in Pakistan
3. The Ganges River in India
4. The Pearl River in China
5. The Hai River in China
6. The Yellow River in China
7. The Nile River in Egypt
8. The Amazon River in South America
Q: What should I do with insulation, asbestos and other waste debris?
A: If you are cleaning up after a disaster, be aware that you may be dealing with hazardous materials. Report any hazardous materials to the proper authorities and take appropriate precautions when handling them.
Q: Who are the Operations contacts to help me with regulated and unregulated waste removal?
A: Contact your division's Generator Assistant for assistance with waste characterization, segregation, packaging, and removal.
INFORMATION ABOUT DEPLOYED INTERCEPTORS™ AND SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS?.
Q: Where are your Interceptors™ currently deployed?
A: The Interceptor is a new kind of solution to the problem of plastic pollution in the world’s waterways. It’s a floating barrier that catches and collects plastic waste before it reaches the oceans.
The Interceptor is powered by the sun and the wind, and it’s designed to be modular, so it can be adapted to different environments and scaled up or down to meet the needs of a particular community.
The Interceptor has been deployed in Indonesia
Q: Where can I find more information for my presentation/school project?
A: We welcome you to use the contents of our website.
Q: Where can I find your scientific publications?
A: Our paper is called “The Impact of Unsupervised Pre-training on the Performance of Neural Machine Translation Systems”.
We found that unsupervised pre-training can improve translation quality, especially for low-resource languages.
We found that unsupervised pre-training can improve translation quality, especially for low-resource languages. We used a new method to pre-train our translation model, called masked language modeling (MLM).
We used a
THE OCEAN CLEANUP
Q: How can I help prevent plastic pollution?
A: Reduce your use of plastic products
-Reuse plastic products when possible
-Recycle plastic products when possible
-Educate yourself and others about the dangers of plastic pollution
Q: How did The Ocean Cleanup come into existence?
A: Boyan Slat was diving in Greece and was surprised to see more plastic than fish. Together with a friend he explored oceanic plastic pollution and the difficulties of cleaning it up for a high school science project. Boyan remained fascinated by the problem and continued working on his passive clean-up concept during his freshman year at university. This eventually led him to start The Ocean Cleanup.
Q: How can my company or organization help The Ocean Cleanup?
A: Please contact us through our contact form if you are interested in partnering or collaborating with The Ocean Cleanup.
Q: How can I help The Ocean Cleanup as an individual?
A: Reduce your reliance on single-use plastics
-Support companies that are committed to sustainability
-Educate yourself and others about the issue of plastic pollution
- Advocate for policies that will reduce plastic pollution
Q: How can I help you raise awareness and/or raise funds?
A: You are free to use the content of our website for non-commercial purposes, as long as you clearly state that your activity is independent of, and not endorsed or sponsored by, us. These same conditions apply if you engage in any activity to help fund our projects. Our logo is not available for external use, but you can use all downloadable information from our website (see image gallery here) to support your initiative. To license content for commercial work, please contact us through our contact
Q: How can I donate from a US company?
A: You can make a donation to The Ocean Cleanup by sending an email to email@example.com. If you would like a donation certificate for your donation, please email firstname.lastname@example.org with your name/business name, address, email address, donation date and donation amount.
Q: How can I reduce my lab cleanup burden?
A: 1. Check if the equipment is working.
2. Check if you still need it.
3. Check if someone else in your lab could use it.
4. Check if it is on the EHS Hazardous Waste List.
5. If the equipment is not on the EHS Hazardous Waste List and no one else in your lab wants it, contact EHS to arrange a courtesy salvage pickup.
CLEANUP AND REDEVELOPMENT CONSIDERED INITIATED AND FINISHED?.
Q: When is cleanup considered started?
A: The cleanup contractor is responsible for all aspects of the cleanup, including demolition, emergency removal, drum barrel removal, soil and water treatment, capping, and operation and maintenance activities.
Q: When is a cleanup considered completed?
A: There is no further risk to human health or the environment from the contamination
-The remaining risk is acceptable according to the relevant regulatory standards
Q: When is redevelopment considered started?
A: No, it's not considered redevelopment until the property is actually being redeveloped.
TAKE TO CLEAN UP
Q: How long will it take to clean up a gyre?
A: We are committed to cleaning up the world's oceans of plastic pollution, and we believe that intercepting plastic from rivers is a critical part of this effort. Our goal is to clean up 90% of ocean plastic by 2040, and we will continue to work tirelessly to achieve this goal.
Q: What should I do to prepare for a flood?
A: There are many things that the homeowner can do to prevent loss and environmental contamination during a flood. Some suggested examples of activities the homeowner can take before the threat of flooding occurs can be found in the Homeowner Tips to Prevent and Minimize Environmental Damage in Flood-Prone Areas fact sheet. For more flood safety guidance, see the American Red Cross Flood Safety webpage.
Q: What steps should I take to clean up fallen trees?
A: You need to obtain a permit from the local fire warden in order to burn tree debris. If the debris is located in a wetland or protected shoreland area, you will also need to obtain authorization for emergency wetlands impacts.
Q: Why should I use a professional specialty company like Data Clean?
A: Data Clean is a company that specializes in cleaning data centers and other sensitive equipment. Their services are designed to keep equipment clean and free of contamination, which can cause failures and downtime. Data Clean is the smart choice for your critical environment services.
Q: Why do I have to take a day off from research to clean?
A: It is important for Berkeley Lab employees to be good stewards of the public trust by participating in clean up activities. This helps our community and enables you to better carry out your job responsibilities.
Q: What items require EHS attention prior to sending them to Salvage?
A: Don't be an idiot.
The use of hazardous materials and waste is strictly prohibited on site. If you are found using hazardous materials or waste on site, you will be immediately removed from the event and will not be allowed to return. You will also be banned from future events. If you are found to be storing hazardous materials or waste on site, you will be immediately removed from the event and will not be allowed to return. You will also be banned from future events.
Q: What spills can you clean up?
A: If you have an oil or petroleum spill, you should call CG Environmental as soon as possible. We can clean up the spill and prevent any further contamination.
CLEAN AND UPDATE MY CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT?.
Q: How often should I have my facility cleaned?
A: It depends on how clean you need it to be and how much contamination is introduced to the facility by the activities conducted within the facility. Some facilities are cleaned daily, or more often (i.e. before each shift), while others are cleaned on a yearly or even less frequent basis.
Q: Why should I clean my controlled environment?
A: You need to control the environment to protect your equipment and people.
Q: How often should I update my enrollment in the UAB EH&S Occupational Medicine Program?
A: You should take the Bloodborne Pathogens class upon employment and then on an annual basis unless regulations change.
Q: How often should I take the Chemical Safety Training?
A: You need to take the Chemical Safety Training once, and then take it again at least once a year.
Q: What are microplastics, and macroplastics and why may they be harmful?
A: Microplastics are small pieces of plastic that can be harmful to the environment, while macroplastics are larger pieces of plastic that can also be harmful.
Q: Who will own the Interceptor™?
A: The Interceptor is a method to turn plastic pollution into valuable resources using the power of the ocean currents.
The Interceptor is a system of booms and a conveyor belt that is deployed in rivers to passively catch and collect floating plastic waste.
The Interceptor can be operated autonomously and will be powered by solar and/or wind energy.
The Interceptor is designed to be scalable and modular.
Q: How long have you been doing cleanroom maintenance?
A: Data Clean, LLC is the best computer room cleaning company in the business, and has been for over 35 years.
Q: Who pays for cleanup activities?
A: If you have questions about which accounts are appropriate for you to charge your time and other clean up costs to, contact your Division Business Office.
Q: Who will be my point of contact for cleanup day?
A: A division cleanup day is a day where your division cleans up a specific area of campus.
Q: Who will be doing the cleanup work?
A: Division personnel are responsible for cleaning their spaces.
Q: Who will arrange for items to be removed?
A: Contact your division cleanup point of contact to have items removed from your office.
HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND INVENTORY MAINTENANCE?.
Q: Who should be responsible for cleaning the gyres?
A: The plastic pollution in the world's oceans is a global problem that requires international cooperation to solve.
Q: Who is responsible for discarded hazardous materials?
A: Hazardous materials are materials that are dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment.
Q: Who is responsible for characterizing and paying for analysis of unknown hazardous materials?
A: Contact your division safety representative if you find a container of unknown material that you suspect is hazardous.
Q: Who is responsible for developing inventories of hazardous products for disposal and updating the Chemical Management System?
A: The chemical owner is responsible for identifying and disposing of surplus hazardous materials, and for updating the Chemical Management System.
MANAGING BOAT TRAFFIC NEAR INTERCEPTORS.
Q: How do you manage boat traffic near Interceptors?
A: We place Interceptors in rivers after consulting with relevant stakeholders and considering all applicable rules and regulations. The barrier of the Interceptor does not have to span the entire width of the river.
Q: How do I make a manual bank/wire transfer?
A: You can donate to our Dutch ANBI Foundation (Stichting The Ocean Cleanup) in EURO with the following details:
A: – Mold is a serious problem in flooded areas. The key to controlling mold growth is by controlling moisture – and doing it quickly.
If you have a flood in your home, the first thing you need to do is get rid of the water. This may seem like an obvious statement, but it cannot be stressed enough. Once the water is gone, you need to dry out the area as quickly as possible. If you do not, mold will start to grow.
Q: What is e-waste and how do I dispose of it?
A: E-waste should not be placed in the scrap metal hoppers.
Q: Why do I need to dispose of discarded hazardous materials?
A: Personnel must identify, characterize, store, treat, and dispose of waste in accordance with applicable regulations, DOE orders, and LBNL policies.
Q: How do I know if my waste is hazardous?
A: A hazardous waste is a by-product of your work or research that has no further use and is regulated by the EPA or the state of California.
Q: How do I dispose of hazardous waste?
A: You should request a pickup of your hazardous waste when: your container is full; the age of the container is approaching 275 days (nine months); or you no longer need the container to accumulate waste.
Q: What do I do with empty bottles that previously contained hazardous materials?
A: The container is triple-rinsed with a solvent that is compatible with the hazardous material that was originally in the container
-The container is then rinsed with water
-The container is then air-dried
-The container is then disposed of as solid sanitary waste
Q: What hazardous waste containers will I need and how do I obtain them?
A: Contact your Generator Assistant for assistance with ordering containers and disposing of waste. Information on obtaining medical/biowaste containers can also be provided by your Generator Assistant.
Q: Where can I dispose of miscellaneous household hazardous wastes (HHWs) such as paint or gardening chemicals?
A: Disposal of toxic chemicals should not be taken lightly. Disposing of these materials in our landfills can cause serious harm to our environment.
If you have any questions about the proper disposal of hazardous waste, please contact CG Environmental. We are here to help!
Q: What counts as household hazardous waste (HHW)?
A: Household hazardous waste materials are products you use in your home that you shouldn’t dispose of in your household trashcan. These materials have chemicals that could damage your health with skin contact or if you breathe in fumes.
SPILLS, LEAKS, AND HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS?.
Q: Where do I get copies of the forms that I need to report spills?
A: The Department of Environmental Protection is responsible for reporting and cleaning up spills in the state of Florida. Spills of petroleum products and other hazardous substances must be reported if they exceed certain quantities. To report a spill, call the State Warning Point at 1-800-320-0519.
Q: How do I handle household chemicals?
A: 1. If you are returning to a flood-damaged home or building, be alert for leaking containers and household chemicals such as caustic drain cleaners and chlorine bleach.
2. If you come into contact with any floodwaters, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and clean water.
3. If you have any cuts or open wounds, keep them clean and covered to prevent infection.
4. If you have any respiratory symptoms, such as coughing or difficulty
Q: How do I know what can be recycle or reuse?
A: The Operations team will assist you in determining which items can be recycled or reused. The Waste Diversion Guide for Laboratory Waste at LBNL provides comprehensive waste diversion information.
Q: How do I handle spills or leaks?
A: Stop the spill, warn others, isolate the area, monitor yourself, and stay in the area until help arrives.
CG ENVIRONMENTAL WASTE REMOVAL SERVICES.
Q: Why can't my regular maintenance people take care of my clean room?
A: A regular janitorial service is not enough to keep your data center clean. You need a preventative maintenance program carried out by trained and experienced professionals.
Q: What HHW does CG Environmental dispose of?
A: CG Environmental disposes of common household hazardous waste, including batteries, thermostats, pesticides and herbicides containing mercury, light bulbs and related equipment, and any type of paint.
Q: What waste removal services does CG Environmental can take care of?
A: We offer on-site industrial cleaning services that take care of all your waste disposal needs, including emergency response, biohazard situations, soil remediation, vac truck services, and waste profiling. We have over 25 years of experience and always participate in continuous education to stay on top of our game.